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Forfeiting one's share in the estate

Q:

1. If persons' A, B and C were going to inherit and person C decided that he didn't want his share, does his share go back into the "pot" and distributed accordingly between persons A and B or can person C instruct the executor as to how they want to receive that share?

2. When distributing the deceased's wasiyat for missed fasts, salaah, etc., to who can this money be given to? E.g Musjid, madrasah, Muslim organisations, poor Muslims, etc. What would be the best way to distribute it.

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Giving a house on bond as mahr

Q: A couple bought a house in both their names, shared the deposit and took finance jointly. Subsequently the husband gave her one or two talaaqs and she completed her iddat. Thereafter the couple planned to re-marry. Her condition for the second re-marriage was that the mahr must be the house that was jointly purchased, so that she has full power to the house.

The question that is being asked is that is it possible to give a house on bond as mahr, considering that the payments are in arrears. The bank wants to auction the house. So is it permissible to give this house as mahr, the house is not paid for yet, so ownership still remains with the bank until fully paid for.

Jealousy

Q: Most of the time I feel jealousy of my near and close friends. When something bad happens to them, I feeling satisfied. I always pray to Allah to give them more. How do I get rid of these bad intentions?

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Paying for an item in installments

Q: I am in need of money. If I buy something like a mobile phone on installments and then I sell it because I need the money, and pay the installments every month, is it permissible or does it come under interest?

Asking for repayment of loan before due date

Q: One of my friends required a loan of R500 000. I loaned him this amount, and our mutual agreement was that he would repay me after one year.

Unfortunately, only six months have passed and I have fallen into some financial difficulty. Can I claim my money back from my friend, even though the agreed term of one year has not yet terminated?

Husband giving wife the right to divorce herself

Q: During a quarrel, if the husband says to his wife "you can take your decision, if you are not satisfied you can go". Did the husband give the right of divorce to his wife by this sentence? The husband had no intention to give the right to issue divorce to his wife when he said this sentence.

Woman sleeping or going to the bathroom without covering her hair

Q: Can a women sleep without covering her hair and also go to the washroom without covering her head or is it haram?

Consummating the nikaah for halaalah to be valid

Q: A man divorced his wife with 3 talaaqs. Months later after her iddat, she remarries another man. However, after the nikaah she changes her mind and the man divorces her. They did not consumate the nikaah. Can she marry her first husband?

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Wazifah to perform five times salaah

Q: Can you tell me a wazeefa so that I become regular in saying my 5 times prayer a day.

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Graphic designer using pictures of animate objects in his designs

Q: I am a Graphics Designer. I have been working on the software called Illustrator. This software is used to make logo, portraits and many other designs.

I work for different clients all over the world. In almost all the projects I have to make a picture of a human, animals and plants to make it attractive. But I came to know from somewhere that making these designs is forbidden in Islam. If yes, then why taking pictures is allowed?

I hope to get a detailed answer. If this is really forbidden then please suggest what I can create. I think in these ages its difficult to run away from pictures and drawings since they are every where. 

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